Jun 6 2024

Guide to board work in limited companies

Having a board is a requirement for all limited companies in Sweden. The board plays a central role in the company's operations and is responsible for ensuring that the company is run in accordance with laws and regulations. But what does it actually mean to have a board, and how does it work in practice? In this article, we answer the questions.

What is a board?

A board of directors is a group of people elected by the shareholders to oversee and guide the company. The board is responsible for the company's strategic direction and decides on important issues that affect the company's future. In Sweden, the board's work is regulated by the Swedish Companies Act, which means that there are clear frameworks for how the board should function.

Composition of the board

According to the Swedish Companies Act, a limited company must have at least one board member and one deputy. For public limited companies, at least three board members are required. It is also common for the board to include a chairman who leads the board's work and meetings. Board members can be both shareholders and external persons with relevant skills and experience.

The board's responsibility

The board has extensive responsibilities that include:

  • Set the company's goals and strategy: The board establishes long-term goals and strategies to achieve these goals.

  • Supervise company management: The board ensures that company management implements strategies and plans effectively and ethically.

  • Decide on important issues: For example, investments, financing and dividends.

  • Ensure compliance: The board is responsible for the company's compliance with laws and internal rules.

Board meetings

The board meets regularly to discuss and make decisions about the company's operations. Minutes are kept of these meetings and the documents are often part of the company's formal documents. It is important that all decisions are made in accordance with the company's articles of association and the Companies Act.

How is the board elected?

Board members are normally elected at the general meeting, where the shareholders vote on candidates. The term of office can vary, but it is usual to have elections annually. The shareholders can also decide to remove board members if there are reasons for this.

The importance of an effective board

An effective board can be critical to a company's success. Board members should have a mix of experience and skills that complement each other. A good board can contribute valuable insights and support management in navigating through challenges and seizing opportunities.


The board of a limited company has a central role and a great deal of responsibility for the company's development and success. By setting strategic goals, monitoring company management and ensuring that the company complies with laws and regulations, the board contributes to the company being able to achieve its goals and create value for shareholders.

Understanding the board's function and responsibilities is important for anyone involved in or interested in entrepreneurship. A well-functioning board is a key component of a successful company.

For more information about the board's work and responsibilities, you can visit GoalEnvision's help center at  faq.goalenvision.com or take part of our resources at www.goalenvision.com.